Frequently Asked Questions: NCAA Tournament

Who goes to the tournament?
When are the tournament selections announced and when and where are games played?
What men's conferences receive automatic bids?
What women's conferences receive automatic bids?
When does this tournament expand?
How many teams go from each region?
How does the NCAA compute Quality of Wins index?
Where is the women's Final Four?
What is a regional game?
What does the NCAA use to select and seed teams into the tournament?
What did the men's basketball committee do to Strength of Schedule this year?

Who goes to the tournament?

For the men: Sixty-two teams go to the 2013 tournament — 42 conference champions, 1 team which is not in those 42 conferences (Pool B) and 19 at-large teams (Pool C).

For the women: Sixty-four teams go to the tournament — 43 conference champions, 1 team which is not in those 43 conferences (Pool B) and 20 at-large teams (Pool C). This is official for 2014.

More women's teams go to the tournament because there are more women's basketball programs in Division III.

When are the tournament selections announced and when and where are games played?

Selection Sunday as we know it is dead. The teams and pairings will be released on Monday, March 3, 2014.

The 2014 tournament schedule, which has a one-year deviation from the norm in men's basketball:

Men's tournament
March 6: Two first-round games involving teams that are playing to face off against a team which received a bye.
March 7-8: Remainder of first round and all second-round games, at 14 first-round sites and two bye teams.
March 14-15: Eight Sweet 16 and four Elite 8 games, at four sites.
March 21-22: Semifinals and championship at Salem Civic Center, Salem, Va.
Women's tournament
March 7-8: 32 first-round games and 16 second-round games, at 16 sites.
March 14-15: Eight Sweet 16 and four Elite 8 games, at four sites.
March 21-22: Semifinals and championship at Quandt Fieldhouse at UW-Stevens Point in Stevens Point, Wis.

The 2014 men's Final Four is at the Salem Civic Center. The 2014 women's Final Four will be played in Quandt Fieldhouse at UW-Stevens Point in Stevens Point, Wis.

What men's conferences receive automatic bids?

In 2014, automatic bids are to be awarded to the champions of:
Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference
American Southwest Conference
Capital Athletic Conference
Centennial Conference
City University of New York Athletic Conference
College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin
Colonial States Athletic Conference
Commonwealth Coast Conference
Empire 8
Great Northeast Athletic Conference
Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Landmark Conference
Liberty League
Little East Conference
Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Middle Atlantic Commonwealth
Middle Atlantic Freedom
Midwest Conference
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
New England Collegiate Conference
New England Small College Athletic Conference
New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference
New Jersey Athletic Conference
North Atlantic Conference
North Coast Athletic Conference
North Eastern Athletic Conference
Northern Athletics Conference
Northwest Conference
Ohio Athletic Conference
Old Dominion Athletic Conference
Presidents Athletic Conference
St. Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Skyline Conference
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference
State University of New York Athletic Conference
University Athletic Association
Upper Midwest Athletic Conference
USA South Athletic Conference
Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference

Remember, Pool B is made up of anyone who is not a member of one of these conferences.

What women's conferences receive automatic bids?

In 2014, automatic bids are to be awarded to the champions of:
Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference
American Southwest Conference
Capital Athletic Conference
Centennial Conference
City University of New York Athletic Conference
College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin
Commonwealth Coast Conference
Empire 8
Great Northeast Athletic Conference
Great South Athletic Conference
Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Landmark Conference
Liberty League
Little East Conference
Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Middle Atlantic Commonwealth
Middle Atlantic Freedom
Midwest Conference
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
New England Collegiate Conference
New England Small College Athletic Conference
New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference
New Jersey Athletic Conference
North Atlantic Conference
North Coast Athletic Conference
North Eastern Athletic Conference
Northern Athletics Conference
Northwest Conference
Ohio Athletic Conference
Old Dominion Athletic Conference
Pennsylvania Athletic Conference
Presidents Athletic Conference
St. Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Skyline Conference
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference
State University of New York Athletic Conference
University Athletic Association
Upper Midwest Athletic Conference
USA South Athletic Conference
Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference

When does this tournament expand?

It did in 2005-06.

How many teams go from each region?

It doesn't work that way anymore. Now the Pool B and C bids are made on a national basis, meaning it is possible that nine teams could go from the West and only three teams from the East.

In men's: Two teams get first-round byes. In normal tournament years, the teams that play off to face those top seeds will meet in one of Thursday's two first-round games, which would in theory be games between No. 8 and No. 9 seeds. The other 52 teams meet in 13 four-team regionals on Friday and Saturday, effectively stripping home-court advantage from 13 teams that would otherwise have earned it in previous years.

In women's: There are no first-round byes.

How does the NCAA compute Quality of Wins index?

Thankfully, it no longer computes this flawed metric. It was removed from the selection and regional ranking process for the 2007-08 season.

Where is the women's Final Four?

In 2014, it will be held at UW-Stevens Point in Stevens Point, Wis. In 2015, it will be held at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Mich. The 2016 site has not been officially announced, with the hopes that a combined championship can be held with other NCAA divisions in Indianapolis. The 2017 championship will be held at the Mayo Civic Center in Rochester, Minn.

What is a regional game?

A game can be classified as regional in any of three ways.

Both teams are full Division III members (or third- or fourth-year provisional members) and:

1) are in the same Division III member conference or same region as defined by the appropriate Division III basketball committee. That list of regions is listed under the Teams drop-down menu at the top o this page.

2) The teams are within 200 miles of each other via the NCAA's approved mapping software.

3) The teams are within the same NCAA administrative region. Those regions are defined below.

Region 1: Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont.

Region 2: New York, Pennsylvania.

Region 3: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia.

Region 4: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming.

If the teams are in the same region by any one of these three definitions, it is a regional game.

Some examples: 1. Trinity (Texas) is scheduled to play the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater in a regular season game in Maine. Is this a regional game?
Answer: Yes. It doesn't matter where the game is played, only where the schools are from. Texas and Wisconsin are both in Region 4.

2. Merchant Marine plays Grove City. They are in different NCAA regions and are more than 200 miles apart.
Answer: This is a regional game. Merchant Marine is in New York, Grove City is in Pennsylvania. Both are in Region 2.

3. Carnegie Mellon (Pa.) plays Washington U. (Mo.). Answer: This is a regional game.
Although they are in different regions by every definition, both are members of the same Division III member conference, the UAA.

4. Albion (Mich.) plays Grand Valley State (Mich.).
Answer: This is not a regional game. Grand Valley State is not a Division III member. No game against a non-Division III member can ever be a regional game.

5. Wilkes (Pa.) plays Penn State-Abington.
Answer: This is not a regional game. Although both teams are in the same administrative region, Penn State-Abington is a second-year provisional member of Division III, not a full member or third- or fourth-year provisional member.

6. Johns Hopkins (Md.) plays Mary Washington (Va.) Answer: This is a regional game. Although Maryland and Virginia are in different administrative regions, both schools are in the Mid-Atlantic for men's basketball. In women's basketball, the schools are in different regions but fall within the 200-mile limit.

What does the NCAA use to select and seed teams into the tournament?

These are the selection (and seeding) criteria:

The following primary criteria (not in priority order) will be reviewed:
• Win-loss percentage against regional opponents.
• Strength-of-schedule (only contests versus regional competition). 
- Opponents’ Average Winning Percentage (OWP) (weighted 2/3).
- Opponents’ Opponents’ Average Winning Percentage (OOWP) (weighted 1/3).
- Add OWP and OOWP to give total strength of schedule
- See more info on men's SOS below
• In-region head-to-head competition.
• In-region results versus common regional opponents.
• In-region results versus regionally ranked teams.
Note:
• Once an opponent is listed in a regional ranking, it is considered ranked throughout the process. (Once ranked, always ranked.)
• Conference postseason contests are included.
• Contests versus provisional and reclassifying members in their third and fourth years shall count in the primary criteria. Provisional and reclassifying members shall remain ineligible for rankings and selection.

If the evaluation of the primary criteria does not result in a decision by the committee, the following secondary criteria (for ranking and selections) will be evaluated:
• Out-of-region head-to-head competition.
• Overall Division III win-loss percentage.
• Results versus common non Division III opponents.
• Results versus all Division III ranked teams.
• Overall win-loss percentage.
• Results versus all common opponents.
• Overall DIII Strength of Schedule.
Additionally, input is provided by regional advisory committees for consideration by the Division III men's and women's basketball committees. In order to be considered for selection for Pools B or C, an institution must play at least 50 percent of its competition against Division III in-region opponents.

Coaches’ polls and/or any other outside polls or rankings are not used as a selection criterion by the basketball committee for selection purposes.

What did the men's committee do to Strength of Schedule this year?

They added what they called the Home/Away Multiplier in 2011, and modified it in 2012. A multiplier of 1.25 shall be added to the OWP for those games played away from home. In addition, the same multiplier (1.25) shall be included for those games played on the road for the OOWP. A multiplier of 1.0 (no positive or negative effect) will be included in the OWP and OOWP for all neutral games. A multiplier of 0.75 shall be included in the OWP and OOWP for all home games.

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