Virginia Wesleyan Marlins

All times Eastern
Overall: 23-8 - Conference: 14-2
11/16 vs. St. Vincent W, 88-63 BX PH
11/17 vs. Cabrini W, 96-59 BX PH
11/26 at Methodist W, 67-59 BX
11/28 vs. Roanoke * • W, 73-67 BX PH
12/2 vs. Frostburg State W, 85-64 BX RC PH
12/4 at Lynchburg * • W, 72-65 BX RC RC PH
12/8 vs. Guilford * • W, 63-49 BX RC RC PH
12/17 vs. Salisbury L, 76-67 BX RC RC PH
12/20 at Wesley L, 72-70 BX RC PH PH PH
12/30 at Emory L, 91-82 BX RC
1/2 at Apprentice School L, 100-89 BX RC
1/5 at Shenandoah * • W, 87-54 BX RC PH PH
1/8 at Bridgewater (Va.) * • W, 80-68 BX RC PH
1/12 vs. Randolph * • W, 72-66 BX RC PH
1/15 vs. Eastern Mennonite * • W, 60-55 BX RC RC PH
1/19 at Roanoke * • W, 89-82 BX RC
1/23 vs. Shenandoah * • W, 84-51 BX RC
1/26 at Washington and Lee * • L, 69-68 BX RC
1/30 vs. Randolph-Macon * • L, 68-65 BX RC PH
2/2 vs. Emory and Henry * • W, 86-63 BX RC PH
2/4 at Christopher Newport W, 79-66 BX RC RC
2/6 at Eastern Mennonite * • W, 70-65 BX RC RC
2/9 at Guilford * • W, 70-62 BX RC RC
2/13 at Hampden-Sydney * • W, 78-77 BX RC
2/16 vs. Lynchburg * • W, 71-54 BX RC RC PH
2/22 vs. Eastern Mennonite W, 83-65 BX RC RC
@ Salem Civic Center
2/23 vs. Randolph W, 78-68 BX PH
@ Salem Civic Center
2/24 vs. Randolph-Macon L, 75-64 BX RC
@ Salem Civic Center
3/2 vs. Delaware Valley W, 76-61 BX RC RC PH
3/9 vs. Christopher Newport W, 80-69 BX RC PH
3/16 at Williams L, 84-75 BX RC PH

(* Conference; • Region)
All times Eastern
Overall: 23-8 - Conference: 14-2
11/28 vs. Roanoke * • W, 73-67 BX PH
12/4 at Lynchburg * • W, 72-65 BX RC RC PH
12/8 vs. Guilford * • W, 63-49 BX RC RC PH
1/5 at Shenandoah * • W, 87-54 BX RC PH PH
1/8 at Bridgewater (Va.) * • W, 80-68 BX RC PH
1/12 vs. Randolph * • W, 72-66 BX RC PH
1/15 vs. Eastern Mennonite * • W, 60-55 BX RC RC PH
1/19 at Roanoke * • W, 89-82 BX RC
1/23 vs. Shenandoah * • W, 84-51 BX RC
1/26 at Washington and Lee * • L, 69-68 BX RC
1/30 vs. Randolph-Macon * • L, 68-65 BX RC PH
2/2 vs. Emory and Henry * • W, 86-63 BX RC PH
2/6 at Eastern Mennonite * • W, 70-65 BX RC RC
2/9 at Guilford * • W, 70-62 BX RC RC
2/13 at Hampden-Sydney * • W, 78-77 BX RC
2/16 vs. Lynchburg * • W, 71-54 BX RC RC PH

(* Conference; • Region)


Hampden-Sydney 14-2 23-5
Virginia Wesleyan 14-2 23-8
Randolph 11-5 21-7
Randolph-Macon 11-5 21-10
Guilford 10-6 19-8
Lynchburg 9-7 19-8
Washington and Lee 9-7 14-12
Eastern Mennonite 7-9 15-12
Roanoke 4-12 12-15
Bridgewater (Va.) 4-12 10-16
Emory and Henry 2-14 4-21
Shenandoah 1-15 4-22

Past Records

2014-15 (8-1, 1-1 ODAC)
2013-14 (24-7, 12-4 ODAC)
2012-13 (23-8, 14-2 ODAC)
2011-12 (27-4, 14-2 ODAC)
2010-11 (25-5, 13-3 ODAC)
2009-10 (23-6, 12-4 ODAC)
2008-09 (17-13, 7-9 ODAC)
2007-08 (24-6, 14-4 ODAC)
2006-07 (28-5, 17-1 ODAC)

Team Quick Facts

Coach: David Macedo
Conference: ODAC

Virginia Wesleyan

Enrollment (FT undergrads): 1281
Location: Virginia Beach, VA
Colors: Navy Blue, Silver
Region: South
Arena: Jane P. Batten Center (1100)
Official Website: Men | Women
Switch to Women

News Releases

December 17, 2014
Balance, depth help Virginia Wesleyan handle Mary Washington
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Last year when Virginia Wesleyan College and the University of Mary Washington...
December 14, 2014
Lyons' heroics help lift No. 11 VWC to win at Christopher Newport
NEWPORT NEWS, Va. -- Breven Lyons has quietly bided his time waiting for his time to shine as a...
December 7, 2014
Moore's 29 leads No. 7 Virginia Wesleyan to win at Ferrum
FERRUM, Va. -- Khory Moore definitely enjoyed his afternoon at Ferrum College on Sunday.
December 6, 2014
Saturday: Back on track
After losing on Wednesday night, Wooster and Virginia Wesleyan rebounded with big wins on Saturday...
December 3, 2014
Randolph-Macon knocks off cold-shooting Virginia Wesleyan
VIRGINIA BEACH -- It hasn't been this cold in the Jane P. Batten Student Center since 2009!
November 25, 2014
Montgomery leads balanced effort as No. 12 VWC wins at Methodist
FAYETTEVILLE, N.C. -- Senior Greg Montgomery scored in double figures for the fourth straight game...
November 22, 2014
Montgomery nets 23 to lead No. 19 Virginia Wesleyan past Salisbury
VIRGINIA BEACH -- A 14-4 scoring run midway through the first half put No. 19 Virginia Wesleyan...
November 16, 2014
No. 19 Virginia Wesleyan pins first loss of season on Apprentice
VIRGINIA BEACH -- What started as an intense, emotion-fed showdown at break-neck speed eventually...
November 15, 2014
No. 19 Virginia Wesleyan hits record 18 triples in victory over New Jersey
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Anyone wondering how Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball team would make...
March 8, 2014
Win over No. 10 Wesley sends Virginia Wesleyan to Sweet 16
VIRGINIA BEACH -- DJ Woodmore (Virginia Beach/Landstown) was a consistent offensive threat throughou...
March 7, 2014
Virginia Wesleyan downs Johns Hopkins to advance in NCAA tourney
VIRGINIA BEACH -- A team that appeared to be a little intimidated early in the game by a noisy...
March 2, 2014
ODAC Champions! Virginia Wesleyan advances to national tournament
SALEM, Va. -- One key word defined Virginia Wesleyan College's effort in a thrilling 77-74 Old...
March 1, 2014
Woodmore, Heard guide Virginia Wesleyan into ODAC title game
SALEM, Va. -- Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball team will compete for the Old Dominion...
February 28, 2014
Moore, Woodmore spark Virginia Wesleyan to big win in tourney opener
SALEM, Va. -- A day after they were named the Old Dominion Athletic Conference's (ODAC) Player of...
February 19, 2014
Woodmore tallies 27, Moore adds 20 to lead Virginia Wesleyan past Shenandoah
VIRGINIA BEACH -- A 15-4 scoring run by Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball team midway...
February 15, 2014
VWC's strong finish falls short as Roanoke holds on for the upset
SALEM, Va. -- Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball team either left its defensive game at...
February 12, 2014
Rookie Moore leads second-half effort as Virginia Wesleyan defeats Hampden-Sydney
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Bad luck was the only luck that Virginia Wesleyan College's Marlins experienced in...
February 8, 2014
Saturday men: Fighting for position
Babson sent No. 3 WPI to its second consecutive defeat, Randolph-Macon won its 13th in a row, while...
February 8, 2014
Batson's buzzer-beating dunk lifts Virginia Wesleyan to win at Randolph
LYNCHBURG, Va. -- Trent Batson has produced numerous dunks during his four years as a Virginia...
February 5, 2014
Eastern Mennonite pins the upset on Virginia Wesleyan in OT
VIRGINIA BEACH -- In recent years Eastern Mennonite University has produced one of the few men's...
February 1, 2014
Virginia Wesleyan knocks through 13 triples in road victory at Lynchburg
LYNCHBURG, Va. -- Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball team entered Saturday's Old Dominion...
January 30, 2014
Virginia Wesleyan ties blocks record in victory over Bridgewater
VIRGINIA BEACH -- When the offense wasn't working quite right Thursday, Virginia Wesleyan College's...
January 25, 2014
Five in double-figure scoring as No. 16 Virginia Wesleyan defeats Washington and Lee
VIRGINIA BEACH -- When a tree becomes an obstacle, don't try to run through it. Run around it.
January 20, 2014
Clark named Old Dominion Athletic Conference's Player of the Week
FOREST, Va. -- Aaron Clark has become more than just a player of the bench for Virginia Wesleyan...
January 18, 2014
No. 18 Virginia Wesleyan hits 17 triples to hand Guilford its first league loss
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Khory Moore's 18 minutes on the court Saturday for Virginia Wesleyan College were...
January 15, 2014
Clark nets career-high as No. 18 Virginia Wesleyan defeats H-SC
HAMPDEN-SYDNEY, Va. -- Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball program has enjoyed a productive...
January 12, 2014
Hoopsville: Milestones and Success
Dave McHugh talked major milestones with Scranton's Mike Strong and No. 15 Va. Wesleyan's Dave...
January 11, 2014
300th victory for Macedo as No. 15 Virginia Wesleyan defeats Randolph
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Dave Macedo's 300th victory as the head men's basketball coach at Virginia...
January 3, 2014
No.10 Virginia Wesleyan shakes off North Carolina Wesleyan in OT
VIRGINIA BEACH -- After all the dust settled following a frantic close to regulation play in...
December 19, 2013
No. 10 Virginia Wesleyan bounces back impressively with win over Ferrum
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Ferrum College's first meeting with Virginia Wesleyan College since the 1989-90...
December 15, 2013
The streak ends ... Christopher Newport trips No. 6 VWC in overtime
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Christopher Newport University's 2013-14 Captains did something many teams before...
December 4, 2013
Undefeated Virginia Wesleyan sets rebounding record in win over Lynchburg
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College's dominance on the backboards Wednesday led to a...
December 3, 2013
National and conference honors for VWC's Woodmore
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College senior D.J. Woodmore has received not only Player of the...
December 2, 2013
Balanced offensive output carries No. 13 Virginia Wesleyan past Methodist
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Five Virginia Wesleyan College Marlins scored in double figures and a sixth was...
November 30, 2013
Heard, Woodmore net 24 each to propel No. 13 Virginia Wesleyan
EMORY, Va. -- Seniors Colby Heard and DJ Woodmore scored 24 points each Saturday to lead the 13th...
November 26, 2013
No. 13 Virginia Wesleyan hits record 17 triples in win over Apprentice
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College's 13th ranked men's basketball team was in a zone...
November 23, 2013
Balanced scoring leads No. 25 Virginia Wesleyan to win at Frostburg St.
FROSTBURG, Md. -- Senior Trent Batson came off the bench Saturday to provide an impressive effort...
March 16, 2013
Williams' late run ends VWC's season in NCAA tourney
WILLIAMSTOWN, Mass. -- Williams College's Ephs outscored Virginia Wesleyan College's Marlins 8-2 in...
March 9, 2013
Virginia Wesleyan advances to Sweet 16 with win over CNU
VIRGINIA BEACH -- That adage about bending, but not breaking held true for the Virginia Wesleyan...
March 2, 2013
Ford, Woodmore help guide Marlins past DelVal in NCAA first round game
VIRGINIA BEACH -- It was enough of a patented Virginia Wesleyan College spurt to give the men's...
February 24, 2013
Virginia Wesleyan denied ODAC title by Randolph-Macon
SALEM, Va. -- One team was hot, the other was not.
February 22, 2013
Teasley's career-high 28 leads VWC over EMU in quarterfinals
SALEM, Va. -- Senior Chris Teasley scored a career-high 28 points Friday to lead the top-seeded...
February 16, 2013
Virginia Wesleyan grabs top seed in ODAC tournament
Four ties had to be broken to determine the pairings for the 2013 ODAC Men's Basketball Tournament. ...
February 16, 2013
Virginia Wesleyan clinches No. 1 seed with victory over Lynchburg
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College put together one of its patented runs in the first eight...
February 13, 2013
Men: Still shaking up
This week's Top 25 shakeup vaulted a lot of teams up the poll. Turns out some of them won't be there...
February 13, 2013
Virginia Wesleyan pins loss on No. 11 Hampden-Sydney
HAMPDEN-SYDNEY, Va. -- It was "Senior Night" at Hampden-Sydney College on Wednesday and it...
February 9, 2013
VWC scores first and never trails in victory at Guilford
GREENSBORO, N.C. -- Chris Teasley hit the game's first jumper on Saturday giving Virginia Wesleyan...
February 6, 2013
Four in double-figure scoring a Virginia Wesleyan wins at EMU
HARRISONBURG, Va. -- Seniors Chris Astorga and Tre' Ford both made pressure-packed free throws in...
February 4, 2013
Hampton Roads bragging rights stay with VWC in road win over No. 16 CNU
NEWPORT NEWS, Va. -- Hampton Roads' Division III basketball bragging rights will belong to Virginia...
February 2, 2013
Astorga nets 24 points as Virginia Wesleyan defeats Emory & Henry
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Emory & Henry College's Wasps have a history of being a thorn in the side of...
January 30, 2013
Randolph-Macon holds on to pin upset on Virginia Wesleyan
VIRGINIA BEACH -- There was a span of time in the closing seconds of Virginia Wesleyan College's...
January 26, 2013
Virginia Wesleyan upset on the road at Washington and Lee
LEXINGTON, Va. -- Virginia Wesleyan College missed two shot attempts, one a three-pointer, in the...
January 23, 2013
Depth dominates as Virginia Wesleyan rolls to sixth straight victory
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College head men's basketball coach Dave Macedo utilized a deep...
January 19, 2013
VWC completes impressive comeback for victory at Roanoke
SALEM, Va. -- Roanoke College's Maroons were well on their way to a major upset in the Old Dominion...
January 15, 2013
VWC improves to 7-0 in conference with win over Eastern Mennonite
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College's Marlins appeared to be headed for a blowout against...
January 12, 2013
Virginia Wesleyan pins first loss of season on No. 24 Randolph
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Twice after No. 24-ranked Randolph College edged in front of host Virginia...
January 8, 2013
Woodmore tallies 24, Astorga adds 21 as VWC defeats Bridgewater
BRIDGEWATER, Va. -- DJ Woodmore nailed a pair of free throws with 9:13 remaining to be played in the...
January 5, 2013
Balanced scoring helps No. 23 Virginia Wesleyan to run by Shenandoah
WINCHESTER, Va. -- A balanced scoring attack that featured four players in double-figure scoring...
January 2, 2013
Astorga scores 32, but Virginia Wesleyan falls to Apprentice
NEWPORTS NEWS, Va. -- A stellar scoring effort by Chris Astorga highlighted what tyrned out to be a...
December 30, 2012
Third straight loss for VWC as Marlins fall in Atlanta in OT
ATLANTA -- 2012 came to a screeching end for the Virginia Wesleyan College men's basketball team on...
December 20, 2012
Marlins stumble again, fall 72-70 at Wesley
DOVER, Del. -- Right now Virginia Wesleyan College head men's basketball coach Dave Macedo isn't...
December 17, 2012
Salisbury stuns cold shooting No. 1 Virginia Wesleyan
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Senior Chris Astorga came up big for Virginia Wesleyan College men's basketball...
December 8, 2012
Strong second half sends No. 1 Virginia Wesleyan past Guilford
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Pressuring defense had its rewards for the No. 1 ranked Virginia Wesleyan College...
December 6, 2012
A new face in Division III
Centenary (La.) is on its third conference in three years, just two years after starting the...
December 4, 2012
Tuesday wrap: Amherst deep sixes Saints
Amherst won at Emmanuel despite having a very short rotation while York (Pa.) stifled another...
December 4, 2012
Woodmore surpasses 1,000 points as No. 1 VWC defeats Lynchburg
LYNCHBURG, Va. -- While it was a big road win for the No. 1 ranked Virginia Wesleyan College Marlins...
November 17, 2012
Early risers
North Central (Ill.) and Virginia Wesleyan shut down their Top 10 opponents. Adrian beat Wooster at...
March 9, 2012
Sweet 16: Royal finish
Scranton beat Middlebury at the buzzer to continue its incredible run, while the Royals will be...
February 26, 2012
Virginia Wesleyan enters NCAA tournament as ODAC champion
SALEM, Va. – Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball Marlins are headed to the 2012 NCAA...
February 25, 2012
Closing run gives Virginia Wesleyan semifinal win over Hampden-Sydney
SALEM, Va. – Find a way, just find a way.
February 24, 2012
Astorga, Teasley combine for 38 in tourney win over W&L
SALEM, Va. -- Juniors Chris Astorga and Chris Teasley combined for 38 points on 13-of-23 shots from...
February 23, 2012
Marlins took to follow old path
Virginia Wesleyan has another sophomore sensation who hopes to follow Ton Ton Balenga and help lead...
February 19, 2012
Astorga surpasses 1,000 points as No. 7 VWC runs by Washington & Lee
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College's 77-49 Old Dominion Athletic Conference victory over...
February 11, 2012
Men's wrap: Jeffs win again
No. 6 Amherst knocked off No. 2 Middlebury, meaning top-ranked Hope is the only top four team...
February 11, 2012
Brown's buzzer-beating layup helps No. 3 VWC to hold off Hampden-Sydney
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Ali Brown kept a keen eye on the movement of the basketball as Virginia Wesleyan...
February 8, 2012
No.3 Virginia Wesleyan tripped on the road by Randolph-Macon
ASHLAND, Va. -- Randolph-Macon College's Yellow Jackets withstood a closing 10-0 run by the No. 3...
February 4, 2012
No.3 Virginia Wesleyan rolls past Roanoke in second half
SALEM, Va. -- Virginia Wesley College senior Donald Vaughn (Woodbridge, Va./Dumfries Potomac) scored...
January 28, 2012
Virginia Wesleyan ends Christopher Newport winning streak
NORFOLK, Va. -- One streak ended and another was extended Saturday as No. 5 Virginia Wesleyan...
January 25, 2012
No. 5 Virginia Wesleyan rolls to 91-65 win over EMU
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Just when it seemed as though Eastern Mennonite University's Royals figured out a...
January 22, 2012
Did you miss Hoopsville?
Sunday we had coaches from Virginia Wesleyan, Chicago, Albertus Magnus and Mount St. Mary, as well...
January 21, 2012
Guilford pulls off the upset at No. 2 Virginia Wesleyan
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College basketball fans could revive an old saying in describing...
January 14, 2012
No. 2 VWC overcomes cold shooting to defeat Roanoke
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Anyone who might have wondered what would happen to Virginia Wesleyan College's...
January 11, 2012
Five score in doubles to lead No. 2 VWC past Randolph
LYNCHBURG, Va. -- Five Virginia Wesleyan College players scored in double figures Wednesday to carry...
January 8, 2012
No. 2 Virginia Wesleyan depth overpowers Haverford
VIRGINIA BEACH -- It was a game for about 10 minutes Sunday at the Jane P. Batten Student Center on...
January 4, 2012
No. 2 Virginia Wesleyan defeats H-SC for 10th straight win
HAMPDEN-SYDNEY, Va. -- A major early season road test for Virginia Wesleyan College's men's...
January 1, 2012
Woodmore's 35 guides No. 2 VWC past Lynchburg
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Something was definitely troublingD.J. Woodmore as he arrived on the Virginia...
December 20, 2011
No. 2 Virginia Wesleyan ends 2011 with a run past Wesley
VIRGINIA BEACH -- An athletic Wesley College men's basketball team played close to the No. 2 ranked...
December 17, 2011
Depth helps No. 2 Virginia Wesleyan to win over Shenandoah
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College's No. 2 Marlins shook off the effects of an 11-day...
December 6, 2011
Fast start carries No. 3 Virginia Wesleyan to win over Methodist
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Virginia Wesleyan College's No. 3-ranked Marlins displayed speed, balance and...
December 4, 2011
No. 5 VWC defeats NCWC in battle between preseason title favorites
ROCKY MOUNT, N.C. -- Virginia Wesleyan College sophomore D.J. Woodmore scored a career-high 26...
December 3, 2011
Astorga nets 24 to guide No. 5 VWC past Emory & Henry
EMORY, Va. -- Playing basketball at Emory & Henry College has been as much fun as sucking lemons...
November 30, 2011
Never too early to win
It's never too early to pick up a big win in conference. The Lebanon Valley women and Va. Wesleyan...
November 30, 2011
Late defensive stand helps No. 5 Virginia Wesleyan to knock off Randolph-Macon
VIRGINIA BEACH -- Anyone who might have just wandered into a rocking Virginia Wesleyan College's...
November 26, 2011
Virginia Wesleyan finishes 2-0 in tourney with win over Southwestern
ASHLAND, Va. -- When Southwestern University's Pirates were presented with an opening in Saturday's...
November 25, 2011
Solid second-half scoring sends Marlins past Trinity
ASHLAND, Va. -- It did not take too long for Virginia Wesleyan College's men's basketball team to...
November 22, 2011
Marlins fall in opener on the road to undefeated Salisbury
SALISBURY, Md. -- A late rally by Virginia Wesleyan College's men fell short on the road Tuesday as...
March 4, 2011
Virginia Wesleyan starts tourney play with 93-63 victory
18-2 run sparks Marlins
February 16, 2011
Woodmore guides No. 7 Virginia Wesleyan past Lynchburg
Rookie scores 15 in second half
February 9, 2011
Marlins win ODAC battle
Wednesday afternoon Virginia Wesleyan and Randolph-Macon were picked 1 and 2 in the regional...
February 9, 2011
No. 6 Virginia Wesleyan takes down No. 11 Randolph-Macon
VWC defeats R-MC a second time
February 5, 2011
Seven dunks help No. 6 VWC to overpower Roanoke
Five Marlins in double-figure scoring
January 22, 2011
Time to restack the ODAC
No. 2 Virginia Wesleyan made the long trip to Guilford and came away with its first loss, 64-61,...
January 12, 2011
R-MC sweeps EMU
No. 11 Randolph-Macon completed the regular season sweep of No. 14 Eastern Mennonite. Did the Yellow...
January 8, 2011
Virginia Wesleyan topples Washington & Lee for 14th victory
Depth, balance, confidence
December 1, 2010
Va Wes strikes first in ODAC race
Virginia Wesleyan picks up a big road win and the event formerly known as the JP Morgan Chase...
November 20, 2010
VWC improves to 4-0 with win over Maryland Bible
2-0 at Roger Taylor Invitational
December 5, 2009
Guilford picks up first loss
Virginia Wesleyan snapped a five-game losing streak to Guilford.

What We're Reading

  • »D-I eyes 2016 for combined Final Four
  • While much remains to be done to coordinate having all three women's basketball championship divisions participate at the same site, the committee endorsed this taking place as early as 2016 in Indianapolis.
  • »Playing the D-III recruiting game
  • How are coaches able to focus their recruiting resources when most skilled athletes will choose to play for schools that can give them money?
  • »NCAA hits 450,000 student-athletes
  • More student-athletes participate at the Division III level than any other in the NCAA, according to most recent survey.